Portugal: Conservation of freshwater organisms

This project aims at the preservation of some of the most threatened freshwater fish species in our country by promoting actions to reproduce these species and measures to preserve their habitat and then return them to their natural environment.

In water courses already heavily pressured by human activities, there have been extreme phenomena associated with climate change, such as: more draughts and prolonged drier periods leading several river organisms to a situation of near pre-extinction. Currently, the most vulnerable are several fish species from the Centre and South of Portugal, and one plant: the daffodil from the Algarve. This project carries out reproduction actions for these species, as well as measures for the preservation of their habitats, so that it is possible to return them to their natural environment without increased risks having in mind a changing climate. At the end of the reproduction and adaptation time in captivity, the fish repopulation is made in sections of the rivers of origin that present favourable characteristics to their survival and reproduction.

Conservation of freshwater organisms

Name of the country Portugal
Area (km2) 91.606
Population (millions) 10,3

Per capita GDP (US$)

23.252
Life expectancy at birth (years)
80,7
Child mortality rate under-5 (per 1000 live births) 3,7
Adult illiteracy rate (%) 3,9
Ecological footprint (ha per capita) 4,4
Greenhouse Gases Emissions (ton per capita)
4,73